Biography of James Parks
The first graves in Arlington National Cemetery were dug by James Parks, a former Arlington Estate slave. Parks was freed in 1862 under the terms of the will of his former owner, George Washington Parke Custis. He still lived on Arlington Estate when Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton signed the orders designating Arlington as a military burial ground. Parks served in the U.S. Army from 1861 to 1929 by working as a grave digger and maintenance man for the cemetery.
Secretary of War Dwight Davis authorized James Parks to be buried at Arlington National Cemetery Dec. 8, 1928. Parks passed away Aug. 21, 1929 and he is the only person buried in Arlington National Cemetery who was born on the property. He is buried near Selfridge Gate (West Gate) in Section 15, Grave 2 (Grid G-26).